Recent Issues:

May 1, 2006

April 24, 2006

April 17, 2006

April 10, 2006

2005 In Review

9/11 Plus One: The World Trade Center Broadcasters Recover - The New Place to Talk Radio

Your message here - contact to reach thousands of NERW readers every week!

May 8, 2006

Sox & Entercom: So Happy Together?

*For the second week in a row, the big story out of MASSACHUSETTS is the tussle over the Red Sox radio rights for the 2007 season. But this week, there's no tussle - just the dotting of i's and crossing of t's on what appears to be a record-breaking deal that will keep the Sox with Entercom for ten more years and a reported $200 million in rights fees.

As NERW goes to press late Sunday night, there's still no definitive confirmation from Entercom or from the team, and there's always the chance that anything could happen in this topsy-turvy saga. With Greater Media having exited the bidding war on Friday, though, the continuation of the team's relationship with Entercom became all but inevitable.

What's not inevitable, however, is another season of Sox baseball on flagship WEEI (850 Boston). Instead, Entercom reportedly plans to return the team's play-by-play to WRKO (680 Boston), the talk station that was the Sox flagship through much of the late eighties and early nineties (and in several earlier stints as well.)


The idea, it would appear, is to use the strength of the Sox as a promotional tool to boost the fortunes of WRKO, which has struggled in recent years against Greater's WTKK (96.9 Boston), among other competitors. For day games, WRKO also offers a somewhat larger signal footprint than the more directional WEEI, especially to the south and out over Cape Cod. At night, however, WRKO suffers even more than WEEI from a restrictive directional pattern - and that means Entercom will almost certainly have to look at additional ways to make sure its pricey Sox coverage reaches the wealthy listener base west of Route 128. (See our speculation in last week's NERW about possible FM options for Entercom...)

As for WEEI itself, the loss of Sox play-by-play shouldn't hurt much. The sports station is increasingly focused on building a regional network, with outlets in several markets where the local Sox rights are held by competitors. The team has never been heard on Worcester's WVEI (1440), and it won't be heard on Springfield's WVEI-FM (105.5 Easthampton) when that signal signs on shortly, either. We hear Entercom is actively pursuing new acquisitions in Maine and New Hampshire as well, where the team has longstanding relationships with many local affiliates. With a consistent talk schedule fed from Boston to all the WEEI stations (or nearly all - the games will still be heard on Rhode Island's WEEI-FM, as best we can tell), it may well be easier for Entercom to put the play-by-play itself on a different Boston signal.

(What about veteran Sox broadcasters Joe Castiglione and Jerry Trupiano? The Herald reports they haven't yet signed a contract for next season, but that the team would like to keep them on board.)

We're still not quite ready to put on our "It's a done deal" T-shirts, but there's certainly every reason to believe the Sox now have the rights package they were looking for, at a price that should make the team the envy of its rivals, and with a long contract that means we won't need to go through this much speculating again for a good many years.

MONDAY MORNING UPDATE: Get out that T-shirt - the deal is now official, according to an announcement on WEEI's Dennis and Callahan morning show.

Before we hang up the ol' speculator, though, there are a few more questions that deserve to be brought up:

  • What happens now with Greater Media? There were, we're told, big sighs of relief at WBOS (92.9) when the parent company pulled out of the negotiations last week. Without Sox games as a selling point, there's no reason to expect WBOS to follow through with the rumored switch to sports talk, and every reason to expect the station to stick with its AAA/modern AC format. But the soap opera at Greater is far from over - the company still has a few more weeks to wrap up the ongoing negotiations to buy WCRB (102.5) from Charles River Broadcasting, and if that deal still goes through, that means there will still be spinoffs and format shifts to keep Greater's Boston cluster under the ownership cap. And if the Sox do help WRKO strengthen its position in the talk radio wars, will Greater's WTKK find some way to retaliate? (Greater's apparent exit from the sports arena also means that "ESPN Boston" WAMG/WLLH has dodged a very big bullet...)
  • What about Sox day games on weekdays? A Sox game that starts at 1 PM will wipe out the most successful part of WRKO's schedule - the afternoon lineup of Rush Limbaugh and Howie Carr. Carr's show has to go on regardless of the Sox, since it's syndicated to other stations in New England (more on that in a moment). Will those games move back to WEEI?
  • Whither the Celtics? Yeah, there's still an NBA team in Boston, and they've been sharing the evening hours on WRKO with the floundering "Taste of Boston Tonight." It's hard to imagine "Taste" surviving an entire season of Sox pre-emptions, but it's easy to imagine the Celts moving back to WEEI, at least for games that conflict with the Sox.
  • And...what about Framingham? From its transmitter site in Needham, WEEI puts a reasonable signal into Natick and Framingham after dark. From Burlington, WRKO's signal all but vanishes out there. It's safe to assume the Sox won't want the same sort of "weak signal" publicity that's hounded teams such as the Phillies and Cardinals after changing stations in recent years. Expect some sort of fix - most likely an FM simulcast on Entercom's WMKK or WAAF - before the first pitch is thrown in 2007.
  • Bottom line - will the deal be worth it to Entercom? $20 million a year is a lot of money for baseball rights, and ten years is a long time in a game where a team's fortunes can change in a single season. (A ten-year deal for the Celtics would have looked pretty good in 1986, wouldn't it?) Last week, we suggested that WEEI could get by just fine without overspending on the Sox. It would appear that Entercom agreed - but in the process, it's apparently making a very expensive gamble that the Sox will be strong enough to carry WRKO back to prominence. There's a very long and proud heritage at the 680 spot on the dial, and the Sox were a big part of that heritage for many years. But bringing listeners to 680 at night and on the weekends won't be enough by itself. WRKO will have to be ready to seize the opportunity in morning drive that will appear when WBZ's Gary LaPierre retires later this year, and it will have to shore up the other weaknesses on its schedule (mid-mornings and evenings, mostly) if it has any hope of regaining its former glory as "The Talk Station."

STILL HERE - BUT NOT FOR FREE: If you're a fan of the national radio message-board sites, you're probably feeling a little disoriented lately by all the changes they're going through. (We are, too.)

Here at NERW, we're now in our twelfth year of regular, uninterrupted service to our readers, and we're not going anywhere. Same address, same weekly columns, same old design. (OK, perhaps a few things could use some freshening this year.)

And if we've learned anything after all those years in the radio website business, it's this: good things don't come for free. Or at least when they do, they don't last forever. But thanks to our loyal subscribers and our growing fleet of advertisers, we've built a solid community here. We were here in 1994, we're here in 2006, and assuming there's still a radio dial to cover, we have every intention - with your support - of still being here in 2018. (I wish I could say the same about my hairline.)

If you still haven't subscribed yet for this year, do it right now at our Support page - and enjoy another exciting year of NERW, guilt- (and password-) free. And if you have become one of our many subscribers, thank you!

*The Sox deal was just one aspect of a pretty big radio week in the Bay State. In Worcester, WCRN (830) pulled the plug on its "True Oldies" format over the weekend, and today it officially relaunches as "True Talk AM 830," returning former WRKO morning host Peter Blute to the airwaves for a 7-9 AM show. The station's existing block of leased financial talk continues after Blute, and then its lineup will include Laura Ingraham (1-3 PM), Howie Carr (3-7 PM) and Michael Savage (7-10 PM). Jerry Doyle in overnights and Doug Stephan in early mornings round out the weekday schedule there.

Boston's "Kiss 108" (WXKS-FM 107.9 Medford) has parted ways with David Corey, who came to the station 22 years ago as a high school intern and rose to become assistant PD/music director before budget cuts led to his position being cut.

Out west, "Live 105" is no more - WBEC-FM (105.5 Pittsfield) fell silent last week, in preparation for the station's impending move to Springfield to become WVEI-FM. The format continues down the dial, though, as do the calls, on what's now "Live 95.9." (If you're following this closely, the last piece in the callsign chess game came a few days ago, when 95.9 changed calls from WMNB to WBEC-FM.) With the relaunch come some shift changes: Bob Heck joins Kellie Gilbert in mornings, while Mike Patrick moves from mornings to OM/middays and Chris Carr moves from middays to afternoons.

And we conclude our Massachusetts report this week with some sad news: veteran helicopter traffic reporter Joe Green died last Wednesday (May 3) at 76. Green began his career at WHDH in 1963, but in 1968 he moved to WBZ, where "Joe Green in the BZ Copter" became a staple of the Hub commute for more than a quarter of a century.

Green kept to himself (your editor, who worked at the station for five years, never met him), but he found his way into the headlines with several daring rescues, saving two boys stranded on a raft in Dorchester and rescuing a University of Lowell student from the Merrimack River. Green was also featured in a Pulitzer Prize-winning photo in 1975, landing his helicopter on a rooftop in what proved an unsuccessful attempt to rescue a woman from a burning building.

Green retired in 1995, but the distinctive figure he cut in Boston traffic reporting (complete with cigar and a handheld mic, all while he was flying low over the city) won't soon be forgotten.

You can have your ad here! Click here for information on the most economical way to reach tens of thousands of Northeast radio and TV people each week.

*In RHODE ISLAND, WPRO (630 Providence) has named Paul Giammarco as its new PD. Giammarco had been serving as interim PD since the departure of David Bernstein last fall.

*Yes, we were a little behind in our "Sopranos" viewing - blame that trip to Las Vegas for NAB - but we're all caught up now, including the episode last week in which a NEW HAMPSHIRE Public Radio legal ID is heard on the clock radio in the B&B where Vito's hiding out from the "family." NHPR provided a few samples of its ID for the show's producers, we're told. Alas, the full six-station (plus translators) ID was cut down to just two stations (WEVO Concord and WEVJ Jackson) for the show.

*In CONNECTICUT, the new My Network TV has signed an affiliate, and it's no surprise at all: LIN's WCTX (Channel 59) in New Haven will migrate from UPN to My when the new network launches in September.

*Two NEW JERSEY AM stations remain silent after a fire destroyed their transmitter site late Wednesday night. WOND (1400 Pleasantville), WTKU (1490 Pleasantville), WMGM (103.7 Atlantic City) and WMGM-CA (Channel 7 Atlantic City) all transmitted from what was originally the WOND transmitter/studio site next to the Atlantic City Expressway tollbooths, and all four stations were knocked off the air by the fire, which apparently started in the building's electrical system.

It's a credit to the cooperation among South Jersey engineers that the FM signal was back on the air within a few hours, transmitting at reduced power from a backup facility for WPUR (107.3) atop the Trump Taj Mahal casino in Atlantic City. There's still no word on when the two AMs, or the low-power TV signal, which relays WMGM-TV (Channel 40), can get back on the air. WOND's talk programming is still being heard over the Internet and sister station WGYM (1580 Hammonton), while WTKU was relaying the oldies of WTKU-FM (98.3 Ocean City).

In Trenton, WPST (94.5) moves Tommy Jordan from nights to morning drive, while naming Matt Sneed as assistant PD, in addition to his music director and afternoon drive duties.

And WDHA (105.5 Dover) has parted ways with the morning team of "Matt and Fuzzball."

*They may not be gone long, though - they're rumored to be heading to NEW YORK and nights on "Free FM" WFNY-FM (92.3), which now has multiple holes to fill on its schedule. In addition to the departure of evening host Booker, who's now with Philadelphia's WIOQ, the late night duo of Jake and Jackie are also gone from the station.

The "Z100 Morning Zoo" at WHTZ (100.3 Newark NJ-New York) is about to get a new double identity. With the departure of veteran morning man "Footy" at Miami's "Y100" WHYI-FM (100.7 Fort Lauderdale), the New York morning crew will now also be heard down there as the "Y100 Morning Zoo."

The crew at "Hot 97" (WQHT 97.1) might be thinking Miami looks pretty good, too - they're now fighting an eviction notice from the carpenters' union that owns the Hudson Street building where WQHT and its two Emmis sister stations have their studios. The NYPD has also put a surveillance camera outside the building, in hopes of fending off another shooting like the one that prompted the eviction proceedings.

Univision Radio's "La Kalle" WCAA (105.9 Newark NJ)/WZAA (92.7 Garden City) has a new PD. Alix Q comes to New York from Las Vegas, where he was programming sister station KRGT (99.3) until that station flipped from Hurban to "Recuerdo" Spanish oldies late last year.

The new look of New York's "Fox 5" WNYW-TV wasn't supposed to include a simulcast of sister station "My 9," WWOR-TV. But a power failure at WNYW's studios on East 67th Street Wednesday night knocked out the 10 PM news there just after it started, and after some technical glitches, channel 5 switched over to a simulcast of WWOR's newscast for the rest of the hour.

Heading upstate, WFLY (92.3 Troy) is looking for a new morning team, now that Candy and Potter are decamping for Charlotte, North Carolina and the noon-3 slot on WLNK (107.9). ("The Link" is a most interesting station, serving as home base for the syndicated "Bob and Sheri" morning show and then continuing with a series of morning show-like pairings of personalities for the rest of the day.)

In Syracuse, WFBL (1390) has thrown in the towel on local talk, replacing Bill Colley's morning show with a repeat of the previous night's Michael Savage show. The station has also changed news partners, switching to WTVH (Channel 5) to provide its news and weather.

There's a new DTV signal on the air in Syracuse, as UPN (soon to be My) affiliate WNYS-TV (Channel 43) finally got its digital signal on the air on channel 44 late last week, after several years of holdups over Canadian interference coordination.

And in Elmira/Corning, Ally Pain joins "Wink 106" (WNKI 106.1 Corning) as Scott Free's new morning sidekick.

*One of PENNSYLVANIA's most prominent broadcast companies is no more. Susquehanna was officially merged into Cumulus Broadcasting last week, putting an end to decades of broadcast tradition from its base in York. Around the country, there's word of numerous Susquehanna veterans whose services aren't being retained by Cumulus. At the stations in York (WSBA 910, WARM-FM 103.3 and WSOX 96.1), VP/market manager Tina Heim retired last week, ending a long career with Susquehanna.

In Philadelphia, little WPEB (88.1) is changing hands. West Philadelphia Broadcasting Foundation is selling the station to Scribe Video Center for $70,000. At the same time, WPEB has been granted a construction permit to move a few blocks southeast to a new site at 48th Street and Baltimore Avenue in West Philadelphia, where it will run 1 watt at 69 feet above average terrain. (WPEB has been silent for a while, and the move will apparently ease some interference problems it's been having.)

In Reading, WIOV-FM (105.1) PD Dick Raymond has parted ways with the Citadel country station.

Over in the northwestern corner of the state, WWCB (1370 Corry) gets an $8,000 fine from the FCC for problems with its EAS gear. (WWCB didn't respond to the FCC's initial Notice of Apparent Violation about the issue.)

And on the TV dial, WILF (Channel 53) in Williamsport has signed up as the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre affiliate for My Network TV. WILF has always been a satellite of Scranton stations, first of Fox affiliate WOLF-TV, then more recently of WB/UPN affiliate WSWB-TV. We're guessing it will rely on cable carriage (and perhaps a DTV subchannel on WOLF or WSWB) to get its signal over the hills into the core of the market.

From the NERW Archives

(Yup, we've been doing this a long time now, and so we're digging back into the vaults for a look at what NERW was covering one, five and ten years ago this week, or thereabouts - the column appeared on an erratic schedule in its earliest years as "New England Radio Watch," and didn't go to a regular weekly schedule until 1997. Thanks to for the idea - and thanks to you, our readers, for the support that's made all these years of NERW possible!)

May 2, 2005 -

  • After 46 years of family ownership, two CONNECTICUT stations are changing hands. For the last five years, Nutmeg Broadcasting's WILI (1400 Willimantic) and WILI-FM (98.3 Willimantic) have been controlled by the Herbert C. Rice Trust, a 30-year trust that expires at the end of 2005. Last week, GM Michael Rice announced that the Rice family and the trust will sell Nutmeg Broadcasting to Hall Communications, which owns nearby WICH (1310 Norwich), WCTY (97.7 Norwich), WNLC (98.7 East Lyme) and WKNL (100.9 New London). Details of the transaction have not yet been disclosed (it had yet to be filed with the FCC at press time Sunday night), but Hall says all staffers will stay with WILI, with the exception of Michael Rice, who'll retire. Norwich market manager Andy Russell will add responsibility for WILI, but the stations will remain at their current Willimantic studio location, which Hall will purchase from the Rice family.
  • MASSACHUSETTS is getting another 50,000 watt AM station, of sorts. Keating Willcox's Willow Farm won FCC permission last week to crank WNSH (1570 Beverly) up from 500 watts to 50 kilowatts by day, with a directional pattern that will serve the North Shore, much of coastal NEW HAMPSHIRE and Maine, and the tip of Cape Cod - but without much signal down towards Boston and the South Shore. At night, WNSH will remain an 85 watt, nondirectional signal serving the area near its transmitter at Endicott College and not much else. There's a tradeoff - the power increase at WNSH means the demise of another little local AM station, as WPEP (1570 Taunton) will surrender its license and go dark. Though it's only 1000 watts by day and 227 watts at night, WPEP has more than 55 years of history serving Taunton as effectively its only local station. (WSNE 93.3 is licensed to Taunton as well, but it's operated out of Clear Channel's Providence cluster and serves mainly a RHODE ISLAND audience.)
  • We'll start our NEW YORK report on Long Island, where WGSM (740 Huntington) remains silent as it heads for a second sale in one year. Atmor Properties, which just bought the station from K Radio License, is now selling it to Win Radio Properties for $2.2 million. Win, owned by Richard Yoon, also owns Spanish-language WCTN (950 Potomac-Cabin John MD); no word on what it might have in mind for WGSM.
  • In western PENNSYLVANIA, EMF Broadcasting's "K-Love" contemporary Christian format is now on three frequencies. We knew it was coming to WKVB (107.9 Port Matilda PA), which picked up K-Love early last week - but now it's on two more frequencies down in the Johnstown market. Here's how it shook out: Forever Broadcasting, which is selling its WUZI (105.7 Portage) and WUZY (97.7 Somerset) to Nick Galli's 2510 Licenses, shut down the classic hits "Wuzz" format on those two stations last week, replacing it with a loop directing listeners to new Forever acquisition WGLU (92.1 Johnstown), which promptly flipped from "Rock 92.1" to "Rocky," with new calls WRKW, closely paralleling Forever's "Rocky" WRKY (104.9 Hollidaysburg) over in Altoona. And 105.7 and 97.7 finished out the week by changing calls to WLKJ and WLKH, respectively, and flipping to K-Love - which just happens to take them out of commercial competition with the Forever group.

May 7, 2001 -

  • TORONTO -- It's been nineteen years since WABC dropped music for talk, more than a dozen since WNBC gave way to WFAN, and about as long since WLS spun its last tune. But old habits die hard north of the border, and that's why the 21st century was already well underway by the time 1050 CHUM finally turned its back on the music that built its reputation as one of North America's most important top-40 radio stations.
  • Monday, 8:30 AM: It's the last day, and CHUM has opened its doors to former jocks for a going-away party. More than a hundred people head out to the roof of the studios for a group picture. They're forced to wait for a few minutes as Roger Ashby finishes his morning shift on CHUM-FM and as station founder Allan Waters makes his way outside to take his rightful place at the center of the group.
  • 10:35 AM: Downstairs, there's just the width of a hallway separating CHUM past from Team future. On one side, CHUM veterans Duff Roman and Bob Laine have come downstairs from their executive suites for one final day behind the mike, serving as ringmasters for a five-hour "Final Show,"
  • 11:30 AM: Heading out to Yonge Street for some fresh air, we pass workers scraping the "1050 CHUM" logos from the doors and sticking the new "Team" logos in their place.
  • 1:15 PM: Back at CHUM, the final countdown is underway. While Laine and Roman continue their show inside, the back parking lot has been transformed into an outdoor barbecue. The mood, for the moment, is jovial; there's lots of beer, chicken and sausages, burgers and hot dogs. In a corner, speakers bring the last show to the audience, which includes a few CHUM fans looking on from the end of the driveway.
  • 2:35 PM: The chatter at the party dies down quickly as staffers realize the "Final Show" has entered its final moments. Jim Waters joins Roman and Laine in the studio to say goodbye on behalf of CHUM's founding family, and his employees gather in a large circle around the speakers to listen as Waters reads a letter from his sister, talking about their father's dedication to making CHUM a success in its early years. Allan Waters and his wife Marge are outside with the staff now, and both begin to cry as the letter is read. By the time he's almost done reading, Jim Waters is breaking down as well. From our perch in one of the building's back doors, we can see the crowd at the end of the driveway growing. On the balconies of the high-rise apartments around CHUM, a few curious faces begin to peer down on the activity as well.
  • 2:44 PM: The last song on CHUM has been the topic of debate on e-mail lists and among CHUM fans for weeks. "American Pie"? Edward Bear's "Last Song"? Duff Roman has hinted to the papers that "the last song will be the first song," and that narrows the choices pretty well. Now it's time...and sure enough, it's the song that launched CHUM's top-40 format back in the spring of 1957. As Elvis belts out "All Shook Up" (the number one song on the very first CHUM Chart, May 27, 1957), a few CHUM employees begin dancing in the middle of the circle.
  • 2:47 PM: The song ends, and the group goes silent as CHUM launches into a montage of audio from its history, beginning with Allan Waters' own recollections of purchasing the station. Nobody says a word as the sounds of their own careers and their predecessors' wash over them. Allan Waters dabs his eyes with his handkerchief, and he's not alone. The montage closes out with a "thank you" to Waters, who's surrounded by hugs from his family as 1050 CHUM ends its on-air life with the piano chord from the Beatles' "A Day in the Life." The applause from the CHUM family drowns out the sound of John Lennon joking, "On behalf of the band and myself, we'd like to say thank you and I hope we passed the audition." Then, silence again as a series of beeps announce the birth of the Team, not only on 1050 but on a chain of CHUM stations and affiliates from Halifax to Vancouver.
  • As CHUM was fading out, so, sadly, was another longtime Canadian broadcaster. Keith Dancy, owner of Niagara Falls stations CJRN (710) and CKEY-FM (101.1 Fort Erie, "the River") died Sunday night (May 6) at Niagara-on-the-Lake Hospital following a long illness.
  • Moving into the US, we begin with a format change in southern MAINE, as the Harron folks try out the synergy thing on their radio/TV combo in the Portland market. Monday (May 7) saw the debut of a news/talk format on the new WMTW radio, the former WLAM (870 Gorham) and WLAM-FM (106.7 North Windham). Under PD/ND Ken Main, the new station kicks off with Neila Smith, George Campbell, and "The Talk of the Town" in morning drive, followed by local midday and afternoon talk shows. News, of course, comes from sister station WMTW-TV (Channel 8), along with AP and ABC radio. The WLAM calls return to their old home, the 1470 in Lewiston more recently known as WZOU (and where will that former Boston call land next?) 1470 continues the standards format that had been simulcast on 870 and 106.7, and morning host Bud Sawyer stays with the station.

New England Radio Watch, May 15, 1996 -

  • A whole lotta miscellany going on...including a few call letter changes. Down in Middletown CT, WCNX 1150 has become WMRD (it seems the WCTX calls for which they had applied were never used), and up in Somersworth NH, WRGW 98.7 (the AC "Rock Garden" that signed on a couple of years ago) has become WRDX. I haven't been on the road of late to confirm either change...stay tuned. Just over the New England line in the Albany NY area, WXXO 96.7 Clifton Park NY has, as I suspected, become WDCD-FM, and is co-owned with 1540 WDCD Albany (ex-WPTR). Programming goes from satellite oldies to religious. Up in northern New Hampshire, WVFM 105.7 Campton (along I-93 north of Plymouth, near the Waterville Valley ski area) has applied for a license to cover, and thus presumably is on or about to be on-air.
  • On the business side of things, WEZN 99.9 Bridgeport CT is getting new owners, as part of parent company NewCity's purchase by Cox. This is Cox's only New England entry, and as a full class B monster in the under-radioed (locally, anyway) Fairfield County area, should be worth a pretty penny to any of several companies expanding in the area.

You can sponsor this new weekly feature! Click here for information!

*Didn't find a Tower Site Calendar 2006 under the tree/menorah/Blaw-Knox diamond tower model of your choice over the holidays? Our supply is running low, but we have a few still available at special clearance prices!

We've got to say, we're especially proud of the way this year's calendar turned out. Once again, we bring you more than a dozen images from the collection that have never seen print before, including that nifty nighttime view of New York's WMCA that graces the cover. You also get to see WSB, KTAR, Mount Wilson, CBV and many, many more, plus all those fun dates in radio and TV history, civil and religious holidays, a handy full-page 2007 calendar, and the always-popular hole for hanging.

And we do it all with no increase in price, for the fourth year running!

You can get one free with your 2006 subscription to NERW at the $60 level, or order the calendar (plus other goodies) at our brand new Store! We think you'll like this one - and as always, we thank you for your support.

NorthEast Radio Watch is made possible by the generous contributions of our regular readers. If you enjoy NERW, please click here to learn how you can help make continued publication possible. NERW is copyright 2006 by Scott Fybush.